Find Highland Fling lessons, classes, and instructors on HeyKiki and learn how to perform the Highland Fling. Leave it to the Scottish to invent this interesting dance. In traditional Gaelic battle, victorious warriors would return from the field and perform what is now known as the Highland Fling; on top of a shield called a targe, warriors were able to stay in one spot and dance a 4-step rhythm. Fast-forward hundreds of years and minus the shield, you have yourself a competitive dancing phenomenon. Oh, and you get to wear a kilt.